Why Wood Badge?

Volunteers expect fun and fellowship at a Wood Badge course, but much more awaits. Read on about how this training session helps new-to-Scouting adults lead more successful packs, troops and crews.


Wood Badge Rocket Launch


NO UMBRELLA-TOPPED drinks served poolside. No quality time with your Kindle. No seaweed body wraps, no room service, no hot-stone massages.

Is Wood Badge a stress-free vacation? No.

Wood Badge Rocket Scoring

With a pull of the string, Kim Medill launches the Eagle Patrol’s rocket into flight (above). The flight trajectory looks good to the Wood Badge participants standing behind her, but downrange, Senior Patrol Leader Bill Hemenway (on left) and Scoutmaster John Stone seem almost giddy when the rocket fails to hit its target. Can’t really blame them, though. They’re the target.

But for a vacation that tests your limits, gives meaning to your time spent in Scouting and makes your job as a leader easier, just say yes to Scouting’s pre-eminent training course for adults.

Your deluxe six-day, all-inclusive Wood Badge experience comes with decades of Scouting knowledge, a skilled and helpful staff and a guided tour through the entire Scouting program from Tiger Cubs to Venturing. And the price? Less than a single night costs at that fancy resort with the pool.

Wood Badge is expertly designed to stress you out, tie you in knots and take you on the same emotional roller coaster we put our Scouts on as they advance in the program.

In other words, you might not leave Wood Badge feeling relaxed, but you’re guaranteed to be recharged and ready to tackle any problem your Scouts throw your way. And it just might be the most fun you’ll ever have as a Scout leader.

JOHN STONE STOPS himself just in time.

A split second before shouting something to the entire troop, the Wood Badge Scoutmaster has a better idea. He walks over to Senior Patrol Leader Bill Hemenway, whispers in his ear and takes two large steps backward. Stone smiles as Hemenway clears his throat.

Wood Badge Teamwork

We’d try to explain in detail what’s happening in the pictures here, but we don’t want to spoil the fun for when you take Wood Badge. Suffice it to say you’re in for a treat, whether singing, cheering, hiking or participating in team-development games. Staffers Bill Hemenway and Grace Davidson lead the Fox Patrol in song.

“Troop 1, let’s make this a shortened break and meet back here in 10 minutes,” says the senior patrol leader. “Then we’ll be back on schedule.”

To the uninitiated, Stone’s audible looks like a wasteful extra step. Why couldn’t he just say it himself? But Scouters know. The youth leaders run the program while Scoutmasters like Stone provide backup.

Wood Badge, though, necessitates a temporary and essential exception to that rule. This is an adults-only affair, so grown-ups play all the parts. That’s why Hemenway, whose gray-flecked hair signals he’s no longer a teenager, takes on the role of the troop’s top youth leader.

At various times during Wood Badge, grown men and women impersonate Cub Scouts, Boy Scouts, Venturers, den chiefs, troop guides, assistant patrol leaders, patrol leaders, scribes, chaplain’s aides, quartermasters, assistant senior patrol leaders, assistant Scoutmasters and a very hard-working senior patrol leader and Scoutmaster.

The role-playing means that rather than click-click-clicking through an online training course or paging through a two-dimensional handbook, adults who attend Wood Badge experience Scouting fundamentals by living them.

That’s just what a group of 50 men and women did in August 2012 when they gave up a week’s vacation and several hundred dollars to meet at Philmont Scout Ranch for the Circle Ten Council’s Wood Badge course. To help keep the course accessible to as many Scouters as possible, many councils’ Wood Badge courses take place at local camps. Circle Ten’s annual August course at Philmont distinguished itself as the only Wood Badge offering at the New Mexico paradise — that was, until the Fort Worth, Texas-based Longhorn Council joined the fun.

Wood Badge Team Building

The Buffalo patrol shows that team-building can happen inside or out.

Taking Wood Badge at Philmont with the rugged Sangre de Cristo Mountains as your neighbor is an extra square of chocolate in your s’mores — awesome, but not essential. In reality, where you take Wood Badge matters little. The traditions, games, classes, activities, leadership lessons and course schedule are the same whether you take it in winter in Wichita or summer in Seattle.

And the less you know going in, the better. Ken Davis, a historian who has served on 30 Wood Badge staffs, says open-minded Scouters learn the most.

“Even if you don’t know much about it,” he says, “going to Wood Badge gives you probably the best preparation — better than any other thing we do — for completely understanding Scouting.”

THE PATROL METHOD, devised by Scouting founder Robert Baden-Powell, organizes Scouts into small groups. But when’s the last time you actually worked in a patrol-like group yourself? At your day job, perhaps, or in your own troop all those years ago?

At Wood Badge, participants join patrols of complete strangers, and everyone gets a turn as patrol leader. At first, the process feels forced: You will spend 24 hours a day with these people you just met, and you will like it. But by Day Three or Four, you realize the bonds formed with these Scouters won’t end when the course does. Wood Badge Team Building Ropes Course

A lot of that camaraderie stems from the “we’re all in this together” mindset. Just like our Scouts, Wood Badge participants get too much to do and not enough instructions or time in which to do it. But at the Philmont course, Beaver Patrol member Blake Atkins says this is only fair. “It really helps you appreciate what we put our Scouts through,” he says, “when we’re given just a few minutes to accomplish a complex task.”

That’s intentional, says Dan Zaccara, a Silver Buffalo recipient who was one of the authors of modern Wood Badge. “The way the course is frontloaded for the participants,” he says, “means everything is in their laps in the first two or three days. That puts stress in the system. Stress in the system puts them through all the stages of team development.”

Those stages include forming (a disorganized group coming together), storming (clashing as different ideas get shared), norming (sharing control and compromising) and performing (skill and enthusiasm at their highest).

The concept isn’t a BSA creation. It’s not even a this-century creation. The stage names debuted in 1965, and if your boss shipped you off to a team-development course in the past several decades, you’ve probably heard them.

In fact, you can find most of the leadership lessons taught at Wood Badge in the self-help section of your local bookstore. But those books lack the values of the Scout Oath and Scout Law, and they don’t include Scouting-specific connections that convert abstract leadership lessons into something you can actually use.

Oh, and unlike your office’s awkward team-building outings, everyone at Wood Badge actually wants to be there. Like Nancy Champion, an Owl Patrol member who says she’s having the week of her life at Philmont.

“I’ve worked with great groups and dysfunctional groups,” she says. “I was never able to understand why some worked and some didn’t. Wood Badge really helps me connect the dots.”

THE WOOD BADGE formula started with a master plan (or is it evil plan?) sharpened in 2000 by Zaccara and his colleagues on the Wood Badge task force. They decided to force patrols to that second stage of team development (storming) by adding pressure points. This usually results in a thunderclap of disagreements and frustration among otherwise friendly and courteous Scouters.

Wood Badge Philmont Camp

The Beaver Patrol uses its mealtime to enjoy Philmont’s stunning views.

During the 2012 Philmont course, most of the storming happens during a critical moment on Day Two. But it could really happen anytime. Consider the ingredients. These adults are thrown into a high-pressure situation in a new location with unfamiliar people and an interrupted sleep schedule. Storming is inevitable.

It sounds sadistic, but there’s a point: Without some storming, you’ll never have a high-performing team. And Wood Badge is a safe environment in which to storm because staff members are trained to recognize this stage and bring in the umbrella if things get out of hand.

“They get into storming fairly quickly,” Zaccara says. “But the last couple of days are purposely lighter so they can digest and really understand what they’ve been through and what they were experiencing. The environment that’s created forces them to live the experience and challenges early.”

On the final day at Philmont, participants gather for a slideshow of photos from the course. These teams, now in the performing stage, settle in at the same patrol tables where they formed, stormed and normed days earlier. As the slideshow reaches its emotional apex, some of the same Scouters hit hardest by storming are the first to reach for the box of tissues. By the final photo, there’s not a dry eye in the place.

The participants have reached their emotional apex, and they’ll take this passion home with them. “This is a course that you can use everywhere else in your life,” Zaccara says. “It makes you a better leader and a better communicator. It’s something you can bring to your church and your family. It makes you think about the things you do, how you do them and why.”

After all, Zaccara says: “Leaders aren’t hatched; they’re trained.”


WORK YOUR TICKET
The Wood Badge story has two chapters.

Chapter 1: The experiential course, which takes place over one six-day week or two three-day weekends and includes leadership classes, games, activities and plenty of meaningful conversations.

Chapter 2: The Wood Badge ticket, a series of five projects (completed after Chapter 1) that benefit a Scouter’s home unit and local community. These ticket items extend the reach of Wood Badge well beyond the six-day course. Fifty participants completing five ticket items each means 250 improvements to Scouting. And that’s just from one course.


WOOD BADGE HISTORY TIMELINE

1919: First Wood Badge course held at Gilwell Park in England

1936: Gilwell Camp Chief John Skinner Wilson conducts Experimental Scout and Rover Wood Badge courses at Schiff Scout Reservation, New Jersey

1948: First official BSA Wood Badge courses held, one at Schiff and one at Philmont. Scouting legend William “Green Bar Bill” Hillcourt serves as Scoutmaster at both nine-day courses

1948-1958: Mostly national courses conducted, all run with oversight of the BSA’s Volunteer Training Division

1953-54: A few councils allowed to hold their own courses, including one in Cincinnati in 1953 and one in Washington, D.C., in 1954

1958-72: Two variations of the course exist: a national one for trainers and a sectional one for Scoutmasters, commissioners and other local Scouters. The courses focus exclusively on Scoutcraft skills, the patrol method and requirements a boy would need to earn First Class

1964: The BSA evaluates leadership skills offered in a junior leader-training course from the Monterey Bay Council, Calif., called White Stag

1967-72: The BSA conducts experimental courses that add leadership skills to Wood Badge

1973-2002: All Boy Scout Wood Badge courses held nationwide move to leadership development format and away from Scoutcraft

1974: First weekend courses held (previous courses take place over consecutive days)

1976: First women attend Boy Scout Wood Badge

1976-1999: Cub Trainer Wood Badge courses held nationwide

1997: Discussions begin to revise Wood Badge and offer one course for all programs

2000: Two pilot Wood Badge for the 21st Century courses held — one at the Florida Sea Base and one at Philmont

2002-today: BSA requires that all courses and councils teach the course

­­­— Courtesy of Ken Davis

29 thoughts on “Why Wood Badge?

  1. I had the pleasure of being at this Wood Badge course at Philmont in August 2012. . The Circle 10 Council did a fantastic job setting this up. This is a great course to help all Scouters both volunteer and professional to learn leadership skills. I have taken many corporate training courses over the years and none of them come close to being this good. I recommend taking Wood Badge for any adult in Scouting. You can take the course anywhere you would like, your local council, neighboring council or clear accross the country at Philmont, like I did. Just take it, you will be thrilled that you did.

    David Carlson
    Committee Chairman, Troop 826
    Advancement Chairman, Timucua District, Gulf Ridge Council (Tampa, FL)

  2. I have heard of Philmont, though I have never been there. The main building of one of the two training centers in Sri Lanka is named after Philmont, as it was due to a grant from Boy Scout of America that we were able to put up that building. I did my Wood badge many years ago, some time in the early eighties. This article did bring back many memories of that Wood badge course. What ever the country is, the spirit of the Wood badge is the same , it appears .Thanks for the essay. It was great, though short.
    Rohan Wirasekara
    Scout Leader
    42nd Colombo Scout Group(Royal College)
    Former National Programme Commissioner
    Sri Lanka

  3. I have been asked to be on staff for C1-286-15, we would like to use the article in our recruitment materials posting on a webpage, reprints, or other means. How can we get permission to use this article?

    Thank you.

  4. I’m very glad that Bryan was in my course, as I like reading about it again. I’m one of the Foxes in the third photograph.

    WB 102 was a great experience and I really can’t recommend it enough. John and Bill and the rest of the staff were great and the learning is second to none. I can also say that going to Wood Badge will save you a lot of time reading business books and its a lot more fun.

  5. Just wanted to say Thank you for the indepth and thought provoking article on Woodbadge. I am still relatively new to Scouting and would like to get more practical experience and training before I do Woodbadge. Do you have any ideas and suggestions?
    Dan

  6. Wood Badge is worth five times what I paid. It is the best PD I have ever taken as a teacher, Scouter or geologist. Every Advisor or Scoutmaster should take it!

  7. I had the pleasure of attending the first Woodbadge for the 21st Century held in my council. SR-588 Bobwhite Patrol, without a doubt it was the best training I have attended in my nearly 15 years in Scouting at that time. Saying a leader comes out of the course recharged is an understatement, a leader comes out a new and motivated Scouter! Not only did I have a good time, I made new lifelong friends, not only from my patrol, but from the entire troop. The course is worth every penny and more, if someone has the opportunity to go, by all means make it happen, you will never forget it.

  8. I feel everyone needs to go to Wood badge. If you are new to Scouting or a lifer. The skills I have learned have been useful in my church life and as a parent volunteer in the PTA. I have the great opportunity to staffing this coming fall for the third time and each time I enjoy myself and learn more. Thank for a great article on Wood Badge.

  9. I love Wood Badge! It is the prime example of applying Scouting’s “game with a purpose” mantra. I learned so much in my course (C-39-09) as a participant, and gained even more as a staff member (C5-198-12). Wood Badge has helped me catch the vision of scouting and recognize that I must be purposeful in everything I do, in and out of the uniform. If you have not yet taken the course, I urge you to go for it, both for yourself and for the many youth and adults you will be better able to influence for good. You will love it!

    • Thanks for sharing your feedback about Woodbadge. I am still relatively new to Scouting and am thinking about doing Woodbadge. Any thoughts or suggestions?
      YIS
      Dan

      • Go and enjoy! There is so much learning and interacting that takes place and at the same time you get to enjoy being a scout. The leadership training that you get from the course can be applied not only to Scouting but to real life also.

        I’ve had the pleasure of also staffing two courses and even as a staffer, you learn even more!!

        Kevin Warmack C-14-04 – Fox Patrol!!

  10. Best experience ever! Go Beaver Patrol! Lots of FUN, Lots of LEARNING, don’t plan to sleep. Just Kidding of course you get to sleep. And remember finish your TICKET!!! (N2-640-12)

  11. I went to Wood Badge C2-265-12 the best thing in Scouts over all. All of staff was wonderful as well and helpful..I have a few health issues and already made up my mind I CAN’T DO THIS How WRONG I WAS. They made every thing I needed to do easy for me. I encourage everyone to go if you are even just thinking about it . Go you will not be let down at all.My group was the last LHAC before it was renamed Woods and Water. They not only challange your mind but your body as well.I was in the Bear Patrol our slogan was GO BEAR OR GO HOME.So you can only guess what others thought I made new friend there and still keep in touch with each of them. So please go to Wood Badge if you get a chance you will not be sorry. I finished my ticket a little early before I expected and it is up and running great. We now have Kindergarten boys ( Lion’s Den) and no more boys leaving my sign up table crying and told you are to young.

  12. “THE PATROL METHOD, devised by Scouting founder Robert Baden-Powell, organizes Scouts into small groups. ”

    BP developed the Patrol System which, significantly, did not include Scouts selecting their leaders. The “officer” (Scoutmaster) appointed the leaders. You might be more accurate to say that Bill Hillcourt eventually devised the Patrol Method.

    BSA says a “patrol is a small group of . . . friends.” Do you see the difference between adults “organizing” boys and “a small group of friends”? Bill did. BP did. Only footnotes now, but might they have spotted something?

    Does it work to train in the Patrol Method almost 100% by example rather than expressly saying what could be said when many (at least) of the participants do not understand what the Patrol Method is?

    All they may see is adults running things because their natural tendencies are all in that direction.

    We see more “troop method” units all the time even as a greater and greater % of Scouters are Wood Badge trained. If the Patrol Method is our most distinctive method, what does this say in terms of measurable success?

  13. SR-905 Antelope here. While 20 years from now it would be nice if the boys remember the knots, it’s the values we really hope they retain. Woodbadge reinforces that for the adults.

  14. I would not take for my Wood Badge experience. I learned a lot more the following year as a coach counselor because you are bombarded with too much information while going through the course to absorb it all

    Mike Jones
    Beaver patrol SC 222

  15. I love scouts and have been involved for over 9 years. Woodbadge helped me understand the purpose of scouting and why we use the methods we do. BUT, the majority of MY Woodbadge training was a waste. The good content could have been presented in a half day. The rest of the time seemed to be required so the presenters could have their fun. It’s like the adults who wanted to be scouts got their turn. I’m glad if that’s where you find your identity, but seriously – I’m not looking for purpose in life or some self improvement gig. I’ve matured enough to be past that stage. There should be a Woodbadge basics course for those not interested in committing that much time into playing scouts and want just the understanding. I don’t need games and role playing to grasp the concepts.

    • One of the things that the course teaches is that everyone has different learning styles. The course helps you to exchange ideas with other Scouters on how to better present Scouting.

  16. Question?
    Will wood badge actually be beneficial?
    Is the training program more about developing bonds with fellow scouters?
    Are there more games and role playing than actual valuable content?
    Is the content more about how to think like a scout or crew member or is it actually teaching how to lead/guide scouts or crew members?
    I have read up on what the training is about and have ask a few people who have attended what they thought.
    After talking with them, I still have questions about what I am supposed to gain from the training. If someone could any or all of my question that would be great.

    • Yes Wood Badge is very beneficial. You learn so very much about. The role playing and games are very important. They are tools use for you to learn with. They teach you how to be a better Scouter.
      Yes, you start off as a Cub Scout and progress up through the levels of Scouting. You learn some much things like Listening to Learn, Communication, Conflict management. You gain a better understanding on how to lead scouts and crew members. An understanding of the various roles an Scouter plays in the lives of the scouts we come in contact with.
      But basically with you gain from the training is up to you. A open mind and a willingness to learn new ideas. Your twenty questions that you answer is a start.

    • What you gain is a whole perspective on leadership and team formation. These are things that will help you not only in Scouting but also in real life. The games and some of the teachings “Listent to Learn”, “Project Planning” “The Stages of Team Building” are all things that we see as adults. For instance, I was a taught the course on “Project Planning”. My basic theme that struck a cord through the participants is that in planning a project, you will not always have success. But the issue is that you learn from your mistakes. How did I get that message accoss? I used a “Wyl E. Coyote” of the Roadrunner cartoons as the focal point (think about it. He would always have the elaborate plans that if executed correctly, would have resulted in a Roadrunner dinner. But his problem was in the execution!!) That is the same thing that we teach the youth and our selves!!

  17. I went to one of the first weekend courses that featured leadership skills in 1972, NCAC. Engineering school didn’t feature leadership skills and that helped much in my work. 45 years and I still work with Scouts.

  18. To answer the question “Why Woodbadge?” because you wouldn’t want your school teachers to not be trained. Woodbadge takes the attendees through every step of Scouting, from Tiger to Venture Scout. The attendees are trained on how to lead and how to work together as a group. Attendees are trained to be better communicators and better leaders. This is truly the premier training course for all adult Scout leaders.
    The staff for each Woodbadge course goes through vigorous preparations to ensure that each course is presented in a manner that benefits everyone in the course, attendee or staff.
    The fellowship that is gained from this course leads to a tight knit group of people. When called upon, a Woodbadger, regardless of their critter, will help any Scout or adult leader overcome any obstacle.
    We don’t do this for the beads, we do this to be better, for ourselves and for your son.
    S5-420-13 Owl Patrol
    S5-420-15 Troop Guide

  19. My Wood Badge experience was one of the most disorganized messes i have ever been involved in and literally ruined scouting for me. Our guide was terrible and did little to nothing to explain how the ticket writhing process worked and then blew a gasket and started screaming at me when I told him the whole process was a waste of my time. After having my ticket kicked back with little to no explanation as to what was wrong with it 5 times i just told him that the either take it or leave because there was no way on earth i was writing it again, I never did one of my goals. The (2) 3 day weekends at Camp Lanochee were a huge waste of my life that i will never get back and a waste of $200-300 that at the time i could barely afford.

  20. My Wood badge course was SR_420. It was an wonderful and enlightening experience. I was given the privilege of being on Staff for 3 Wood badge courses. You learn so very much. I would encourage every Scouter to take this course

  21. I brought back so much from Wood Badge, I am so glad I took the course. Bobwhite Patrol C-03-09. I highly recommend this course to anyone that has not gone through it, I try to recommend it to the other leaders in our Pack and Troop in our area. Thanks again for a great learning experience and a great program.

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