A 75-Year Tradition of Summer Service
By Suzanne Wilson
Scout troops celebrate more than seven decades of duty as special service units at Michigan's historical Fort Mackinac.
On a Saturday afternoon, Boy Scouts and leaders from six troops in the Detroit Area Council walked off a ferry and onto Mackinac Island, located in Lake Huron between Michigan's Lower and Upper Peninsulas.
As they approached Main Street, they heard the clip-clop of horses' hooves and the whir of bicycle wheels. Motor vehicles are not allowed, and visitors are reminded of the Victorian era, when fine hotels and summer homes were built on the island.
Beyond that era, Mackinac's earlier history encompasses Native American tribes, French fur traders, Jesuit missionaries, the British military, and our country's path to independence.
The 53 Scouts walked up to Fort Mackinac, on a bluff above the bay. From July 31 to Aug. 7, 2004, they would be part of the 75-year tradition known as the Mackinac Island Scout Service Camp, a program dating back to 1929.
Although the Scouts came from six troops, for the week they would be considered as members of the week's official host unit, Troop 194, chartered to St. Gregory the Great Catholic Church of Detroit (see sidebar).
In performing this annual service to their state and to Mackinac Island State Park, the Scouts would raise and lower 27 flags each day at the fort, at the state governor's summer residence, and in the town. And they would also welcome tourists at the fort and historic buildings.
But today was for exploring the fort, watching a film about island history, and, in the evening, participating in the 75th anniversary celebration of the Scout service camp (see sidebar).
In the evening, alumni from service camps dating back seven and a half decades gathered at the fort's parade ground. Troop 194 opened the celebration by raising the huge garrison flag, the 38-star American flag of the 1880's.
Phil Porter, director of Mackinac State Historic Parks, described the service camp tradition as a "win-win" effort.
"It's a win for Scouts who have an unforgettable, enjoyable experience at Mackinac," he said, "and a win for the Mackinac Island State Park, which receives 30,000 volunteer hours each year from these dedicated Scouts."
State Senator Jason Allen, an Eagle Scout and executive board member of the Scenic Trails Council, Traverse City, Mich., spoke of the value that Scouting experiences have had in his career and encouraged Scouts of Troop 194 "to keep on the Scouting path."
State Representative John Stewart, an Eagle Scout and service camp alumnus, recalled the summer he met then-Governor George Romney at the Scout barracks. "The governor came down for ice cream and played softball with us," he remembered.
Stewart presented parks director Phil Porter with a wood carving of the Eagle Scout badge, to be placed in the barracks.
"Soldiers," members of the fort's interpretive staff, fired rifles, a round in honor of each Scout troop represented at the event. The ceremony ended, and the mammoth U.S. flag was lowered. At 20 by 36 feet, the banner required 30 Scouts to fold it.
In a theater inside the fort's commissary, alumni and families watched a video collage of photos from past camp seasons.
Many in the audience recognized Marshall Van Riper, 90, when he was a teenager wearing jodhpur-style pants that were once part of the Scout uniform. "I haven't changed a bit, have I?" he asked with a smile.
Alumni stayed to reminisce. Two veterans of the 1954 service camp, Mort Mattson and Norm Lyon, noted that after their service period ended, they made a plaque bearing the words of a Scout grace that still hangs in the barracks dining hall.
"It was the last thing I did as a Scout," recalled Mattson.
A week at service camp
"We are the Boy Scouts...the flag-raisin' Boy Scouts. Sound off!"
Each morning, the sounds of their voices and marching feet let people know the Scouts were on their way to raise the flags of the nations that have figured in island history.
"The troop is a vital part of the life of the island for a week," said Henry Vassel, camp director for this troop.
Most Scouts served as guides, three patrols working three-hour shifts at posts where they greeted tourists and answered questions.
Colin Bonathan, 13, said "Good morning" to visitors who climbed the long ramp to the fort's south sally port. He handed out pamphlets identifying fort buildings and listing events of the day, which included concerts of military music, court martial re-enactments, and cannon firings, all conducted by members of the park's interpretive staff in uniforms of the 1880's.
"Is a real cannonball going to come out?" a little girl asked Scout Charlie Bounty, 13, who was stationed at the upper gun platform.
"No," Charlie reassured her with a wink, before politely moving people back from the ropes surrounding the cannon.
The gun crew pointed out its "target"a buoy floating in the bay. The cannon boomed, and smoke billowed from the barrel, followed by the sound of a clank!obviously coming from nearby.
"We got it!" yelled a soldier, as the crowd laughed.
In the town below the fort, John Palgut, 15, co-patrol leader, greeted visitors at the McGulpin House, built about 1780. With him was Craig Lytle, 18, assistant director of the staff who supervised the Scout guides.
"We make sure they're smiling and having a good time at their posts, give them water and bathroom breaks," he said.
In previous years, both Scouts served as guides at the governor's summer residence on the island and met Michigan Governor Jennifer M. Granholm.
"When we first came here, I didn't realize the Boy Scouts were so much a part of the island summer," John said.
"There's a lot of history on the island," Craig noted, "and the Scouts get to be at the center of it all."
Besides guides and guide staff, Scouts participated as service staffcleaning the barracks each morning and helping with cleanup after meals.
And everyone was ready to respond to the park staff's special requests for helptasks like painting park benches, maintaining trails, or running errands.
However, there was also time for trips downtown to buy some of the island's famous fudge and to ride bicycles.
One evening, patrols and staffs competed in "Discover Mackinac." They solved riddles revealing historic and natural locations on the island, and then raced to be the first to reach each site. Jon Cook, 16, called it "cross-country with clues."
Many happy returns
The park staff grades each service camp troop after its week on duty and then decides whether to recommend if it should return the following year.
Troop 194 gets high grades and returns regularly, each time with about two-thirds of its Scouts as veterans of previous summers and one-third being first timers. Soon after arriving, old hands and newcomers are marching together and teaming up to perform their flag-raising duties.
"They have to learn to work together and get to know each other quickly," said Brad Simmons, camp program director. "It always comes together rather magically, and the boys really look good."
Because the Scouts in a service troop can come from several different home troops, new and lasting friendships are a major reward of the week on the island.
Trace Dominguez and Andrew Smith, former service campers and now college students, worked in 2004 as soldiers on the fort's interpretive staff.
"Mackinac really gets in your blood," Dominguez said. "The island is one of my favorite spots."
Most of the 10 adult troop leaders once served here as Scouts, too. In fact, except for his years in military service, Henry Vassel has attended the camp since 1942, first as a Scout with Troop 194 and then as a leader.
Throughout the year, he works on planning with Simmons and Tom Brand, a longtime Troop 194 leader and Scout service camp veteran who now assists in annual preparations. In the spring, 20 leaders and Scouts from this particular group go to the island to ready the barracks for summer.
Dan West, service staff director, says, "It's really cool to be able to contribute to something as an adult that meant so much to you as a kid. I want to be part of the next generation to help keep it going."
Contributing editor Suzanne Wilson lives in Joplin, Mo.
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