Manners Do Matter
By Richard M. Romney
Teaching children to be polite can be a challenge in a world where common courtesy is less and less common, but you can be successful by working at it a little at a time.
Can you imagine your children in any of the following situations? If you can, you're not alone.
These are actual experiences shared by real parents. If you're like me, you winced a bit as you read them, because you could imagine your own children doing similar things. The truth is, we live in a time when mannersthe simple rules people follow to help everyone feel at easeare not stressed as they used to be. The Better Homes and Gardens magazine Web site, www.bhg.com, in the article "Teaching Children Manners," reports that today's child is much less mannerly than the typical child of a generation ago, and that "unfortunately, unless children learn respect for others, beginning with adults, they can never learn to respect themselves."
Educator and psychologist Alex J. Packer, Ph.D., author of the "How Rude!" series (Free Spirit Publishing, Minneapolis, Minn., 2004, www.freespirit.com) of manners guides for teens, agrees. He cites statistics from the Public Agenda research group showing eight of 10 people agree that lack of courtesy is a serious national problem. Dr. Packer says the solution is for parents to teach manners in the home and that it's never too early to start.
"Manners education begins at the cradle," Dr. Packer said in a recent interview. "Parents responding to a child's needs are demonstrating good manners (as well as love). Teaching a child to share, to not hit or bite, to keep certain comments or behaviors privatethis is all manners instruction."
He also stated that, at the most basic level, good manners are the first line of defense against daily irritations, conflict, and even violence.
"So [children] with good manners possess skills that increase the likelihood that they will stay safe in an increasingly uncivil world," Dr. Packer said. "And on a more upbeat level, good manners are impressive, attractive, and increasingly hard to find....Good manners bring their own rewardsrespect, praise, gratitude, gifts, trust, and freedom."
Parents and significant adults should focus on noticing and reinforcing good manners, rather than pointing out bad manners, Dr. Packer advised. Fortunately, there are many opportunities, day by day, to do this, helping children to understand in the process that, when they use good manners, everyone wins.
Here are some tips from Dr. Packer to establish good manners in the home:
Model, model, model.
"First of all, as parents we have to remember to be polite to each other," said Angie Haynes of Pflugerville, Tex. "Children mirror what they see from others, especially parents." She and her husband, Dan, are teaching their 3-year-old daughter, Jaeden, to use three important words. "We say 'please' and 'thank you,' and remind her that she should do the same," said Angie. "If she forgets, we encourage her with a question like, 'Is that how we ask for something nicely?' We feel that if she's old enough to talk, she's old enough to learn to say 'please.'"
Recognize and reward good manners.
If a child is impolite, explain to him or her why the behavior is rude.
Be explicit about the connection between good behavior and privileges the child enjoys.
Don't place your child in situations that require self-control beyond his development.
Dave and Cynthia Benson of Mesa, Ariz., are the parents of children ages 5, 7, 11, 13, and 14, four of them boys. "As soon as we feel comfortable that they can hold a nice dish without breaking it, we let them help to serve refreshments to guests," said Cynthia. "Kids love to bring out bowls of ice cream and give everyone napkins, for example. And sometimes for Sunday dinner at home, even though it's just with the family, we make it formal and let them help set the table, so we can remind them where the spoon and fork should go."
Be willing to acknowledge that "proper" etiquette can be silly or arbitrary sometimes.
"[Manners] are based on virtues such as kindness, consideration, and gratitude, being sensitive to and respectful of, the needs, desires, rights, feelings, and property of others," Dr. Packer said. "Such virtues are timeless; they are always important....'Etiquette' can be thought of as the specific rules and behaviors that give expression to manners."
Children and teenagers often ask Dr. Packer why manners are so important. "Isn't it what's inside a person that counts?" they argue.
"I tell them that, yes, what's 'inside' is ultimately most important," the psychologist said, "but nobody's going to stick around long enough to get to know the 'real you' if being in your presence grosses them out."
Anna Lisa DePaul, a Salt Lake City-based writer who, with husband, Steve, is a parent to eight children, puts it this way: "Helping children learn manners takes patience and determination. You teach good manners because you know that good manners make a person nice to know, and you want your children to be nice to know."
Freelance writer Richard M. Romney also wrote the September 2006 Family Talk column, "Honestly, NowŠ."
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